The Battle of Honey Springs, also known as the “Affair at Elk Creek", took place on July 17th 1863 between Federal units under the leadership of Major General James G. Blunt and Southern troops commanded by Brigadier General Douglas H. Cooper.
The Confederate commander had gathered about 6,000 of his troops at Honey Springs, along the Texas Road, where he awaited another 3,000 troops under Brigadier General James Cabell from Fort Smith. The plan was to attack and annihilate the Federal Army’s “Union Indian Brigade” garrisoned at Fort Gibson north of the Arkansas River.
Blunt decided to attack Cooper’s force before it could be aided and marched his 3,000 men all night. They reached the Confederate line on the morning of July 17, 1863, rested for nearly two hours, then began the attack with more than an hour of artillery fire. That was followed by fierce hand-to-hand combat which led to the collapse of the Confederate center.
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