The Battle of Valverde, also known as the Battle of Valverde Ford, was fought from February 20th to 21st, 1862, near the town of ValVerde at a ford of the Rio Grande.
The first stop in the New Mexico campaign launched by Brigadier General Sibley was the stronghold of Fort Craig along the Rio Grande, defended by Colonel Canby with just under 4,000 men under his command.
Feeling the place far too solid for a direct attack, Sibley, commanding around 2500 men, decided to bypass the obstacle in order to cut the fort's communications and supply lines with Santa Fe.
On the morning of February 21st, 1862, the riders of the 2nd Texas Mounted Rifles, commanded by Major Pyron, took possession of the fords to the north of the fort.
Canby sensing this maneuver had in the meantime detached a mixed column, commanded by Colonel Roberts. The 3rd US riders also arrived in the early morning hours of February 21st.
Throughout the day, each of the camps intervened more and more troops to maintain possession of the fords.
The victorious charge of the 5th Texas Mounted Rifles definitively repulsed the Yankees who retreated towards Fort Craig.
The Battle of Glorieta Pass took place March 26-28th, 1862 in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains, about twenty miles from Santa Fe.
On the 26th, skirmishes took place between approximately 300 cavalrymen of the 2nd Texas Cavalry, commanded by Maj Charles L. Pyron, and in front of him, the 400 men led by Maj John M. Chivington. They managed to push the rebels back to the entrance to Apache Canyon. At the end of this day, each camp brought in reinforcements.
By the 27th afternoon the rebels, commanded by Lt Col Scurry numbered 1,100 men, while on the USA side, Col John P. Slough took the lead of just over 1,300 men.
Each of the two commanders launched an attack for the next morning. Slough, believing that the rebels remained in Apache Canyon, split his troops in two and sent a column of 2 battalions, under the command of Maj John M. Chivington.
As Slough contained the Southern assaults for several hours at Pigeon's Ranch, killing several Southern officers, Chivington's column discovered Southern supply convoys around Johnson's Ranch and destroyed them.
Despite the inconclusive results of the day's fighting, the destruction of these supplies resulted in the retreat of Sibley's army south along the Rio Grande.
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