The Battle of Hoke's Run, also known as the Battle of Falling Waters or Hainesville, took place on July 2, 1861, in Virginia (now West Virginia) as part of the Manassas Campaign. On July 2, Maj. Gen. Robert Patterson's divisions crossed the Potomac River near Williamsport, Maryland and marched on the main road to Martinsburg.
Near Hoke's Run, the Union brigades of Cols. John J. Abercrombie and George H. Thomas encountered regiments of Col. Thomas J. Jackson's Confederate brigade, driving them back slowly.
Jackson accomplished his orders to delay the Federal advance, withdrawing before Patterson's larger force.
On July 3, Patterson occupied Martinsburg, but made no further aggressive moves until July 15, when he marched to Bunker Hill. Instead of moving on Winchester, however, Patterson turned east to Charles Town and then withdrew to Harpers Ferry.
Patterson's retrograde movement took pressure off Confederate forces in the Shenandoah Valley and allowed Brig. Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's Army of the Shenandoah to march to support Brig. Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard at Manassas Junction.
On the morning of July 15th, 1861, the union brigades took possession of the towns of Bunker Hill and Smithfield without firing a shot. These new positions occupied by the troops of MG Patterson were to serve as support for the offensive against the confederate troops of Brigadier General Johnston concentrated around Winchester. Awaiting the imminent arrival of a 3rd division, Patterson planned his offensive for the following days.
Johnston, for his part, planning to join Brigadier General Beauregard in Manassas very soon, had to ensure that he did not hand Winchester and its region over to the yanks before that. On the evening of July 15th, convinced that even a small victory would incapacitate Patterson's army for a long time, and well informed by Lieutenant Colonel Stuart's horsemen, Johnston planned a surprise attack on the isolated Smithfield positions for the next morning.
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